Posts tagged with "2011 study"

Why skipping your dog’s walk is a bigger deal than you think

February 22, 2024

A 2011 study conducted by Michigan State University on the benefits of dog-walking found only two-thirds of its subjects routinely walked their dogs, reports The Washington Post.

According to experts, this forgoing of walks doesn’t only make neurotic dog guardians feel guilty. It can significantly affect your dog’s emotional and physical well-being.

“First of all, dogs don’t exercise by themselves, for the most part,” says Stephanie Borns-Weil, an assistant clinical professor at the Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University. The amount of exercise a dog needs varies based on age, breed and health: It can be as little as 30 minutes a day or as much as a few hours—but virtually all dogs need exercise in some form.

The typical yard, Borns-Weil says, just doesn’t offer enough stimulation to prompt an adequate amount of movement. Unless you’re spending time playing with your dog, “they’re just going to sit there,” she says, “because the space is familiar.” She compared it to reading the same book over and over again, or seeking enrichment by hanging out in your bathroom.

This need for exercise, while crucial, isn’t  even the most important reason to walk your dog. They may or may not get some exercise in the yard, Borns-Weil says, “but they’re not getting companionship [from their human], and they’re not getting the mental stimulation that comes from seeing new things, or, from the point of view of a dog, sniffing new things.”

Dogs who don’t have these needs met “are subjected to some of the same effects of long-term chronic stress on their health that people are,” she says, ranging from depression and anxiety, to problems with the immune system. Studies have found that dogs in shelters, too, benefit from direct human interaction, which reduces stress and stress-related behaviors.)

To help your dog get the most out of her walk, let her explore. “Sniffing is the way that dogs experience the world,” says Valli Fraser-Celin, a humane dog training advocate. Where humans have 6 million olfactory receptors, research shows that dogs can have up to 300 million; it’s how they acquire information about their environment and communicate.

Dogs can tell which animals have been nearby— including sniffing out their gender and information about their health. But so often, humans hurry them along, prioritizing exercise (or their own schedule) over their dog’s interest in the world around them. “It would be like taking me to the Smithsonian Institute,” Borns-Weil says, “and I’m wanting to stop and look at the exhibits, and somebody says, hey, hurry up; we’re just exercising, keep walking.”

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Allowing a dog to pull off to the side and sniff whenever he wants can feel wrong to those accustomed to outdated, dominance-focused training methods, which prioritize obedience above all else (and which are based on a long-debunked, but still persistent theory). Fraser-Celin warns against getting wrapped up in that mind-set.

It isn’t necessary that your dog walk obediently behind or beside you, or that they only stop to sniff when you grant permission. What’s important is that you pay attention to what they’re communicating and help them meet their needs. “If your dog wants to sniff every blade of grass,” Fraser-Celin says, “then that’s what they want to do on their walk.”

After some amount of time, you can usher them to a new area to sniff, or you might even designate a portion of the walk for sniffing and a portion for exercise.

But, above all, guardians need to take the animals’ lead, Fraser-Celin says, “rather than focusing on what our intentions are for the walk.” And if your dog isn’t into meeting strangers—canine or human—don’t feel pressured to acquiesce to those who insist their dog “is friendly!” or “all dogs love me!”

“Whenever you’re out in the world, it’s important to be an advocate for your dog’s needs,” Borns-Weil says. “Your dog is not public property.”

Research contact: @washingtonpost

Flying high: ‘Birding’ is a $40 billion industry nationwide

September 10, 2018

We all have heard the expression, “free as a bird”—so it is fairly shocking to learn that “birding” in the United States is a $40 billion industry.

You read that correctly. It turns out that bird-watching takes more than a pair of binoculars and a field guide on our feathered friends. According to findings of a 2011 study by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, there are nearly 47 million birders nationwide, age 16 and older—or about 20% of the total population—and they are willing to spend big on travel and equipment to catch a glimpse of a whopping crane or a San Clemente loggerhead shrike in its native habitat.

Birders spent an estimated $15 billion on their trips and $26 billion on equipment in 2011, the study found. For trip expenditures, 52% of the cost was for food and lodging; 34%, for transportation; and 14 %, for other necessities, such as guide fees, user fees, and equipment rental. Equipment expenditures were relatively evenly distributed among wildlife-watching equipment (29%), special equipment (37%), and other  items (30%).

To be counted as a birder by the researchers, an individual must either have “taken a trip for the primary purpose of observing  birds” and/or closely observed or tried to identify birds around his or her home. Thus, people who happened to notice birds while they were mowing the lawn or  picnicking at the beach were not counted as birders. Trips to zoos and observing captive birds also did not count.

Backyard birding or watching birds  around the home is the most common  form of bird-watching.  Fully 88%  (41 million) of birders are backyard birders. The more active  form of birding—taking trips away from home—is less common with 38 percent (18 million) of birders active travelers.

The average birder is 53 years old and, more than likely, has a better-than-average income and education. She is slightly more likely to be female and highly there is also a  good chance that she lives in the South in an urban area.

Research contact: ‎@USFWS