House and Senate pass $1.2 trillion government funding bill to avert shutdown

March 25, 2024

The House approved a $1.2 trillion government funding bill on Friday, September 22—sending the sprawling package to the Senate hours before the deadline and officially capping off the fiscal 2024 appropriations process in the lower chamber, reports The Hill.

The legislation—which includes six funding bills—cleared the House in an 286-134 vote, hours before a slew of agencies and programs are set to run out of funding.

The successful House vote puts a bookend on the fiscal 2024 appropriations process in the lower chamber, which dragged on for months with four short-term extensions, led to the first-ever toppling of a sitting Speaker, and incited bitter battles between hard-line conservatives and GOP leadership.

The vote is also a win of sorts for Speaker Mike Johnson (R-Louisiana), who staved off a shutdown, got the package passed despite intense conservative criticism; and avoided having to pass a massive, end-of-year omnibus spending bill, which conservatives abhor.

Trouble, however, looms large for Johnson. Representative Marjorie Taylor Greene (R-Georgia), who has emerged as one of his foremost critics, on Friday teased bringing a motion to vacate against Johnson—the same mechanism that led to the ouster of his predecessor, former Speaker Kevin McCarthy (R-California)—following his endorsement of the trillion-dollar spending package.

“We are going to be making decisions on a minute-by-minute basis today, and I urge you to watch and see what happens,” she said on Steve Bannon’s War Room podcast, adding that listeners should “stay tuned.”

Johnson has consistently said he is not concerned about a threat to his gavel.

Greene’s threat is emblematic of the frustrations conservatives have aired through every twist and turn of the appropriations process, which has spanned months. On the current package, they criticized the large price tag, inclusion of various spending priorities, the exclusion of some of their controversial policy riders, and the process by which the bill was brought to the floor.

According to CNN, the Senate passed the $1.2 trillion funding package early Saturday after a last-minute agreement—averting a partial government shutdown. The funding legislation was approved by a vote of 74-24 at 2:02 a.m. (ET)—more than two hours after the midnight (ET) deadline for passage of the critical legislation that was approved by the House on Friday.

Research contact: @thehill